Species: Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., fam. Zingiberaceae
Plai oil, Organic, Thailand
PLAI (Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.)
Plai has long been regarded by Thai massage therapists as one of those oils necessary to have in their kit to combat joint and muscle problems. Plai is of the same family as ginger but different properties and more intense actions.
Commercial name: PLAI (in Thailand)
Botanical Name: Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.
Plant Native to: Thailand, Indonesia, India
Part Used: Rhizome, fresh - steam distillation
Traditional Thai Massage Usage: muscle relaxant, joint pains
Some rural people residing in the villages of upper northeastern Thailand still use herbs for preventing and curing many diseases. According to the interviews from traditional healers and elders living in seven villages in three provinces of Thailand, the medicinal plants are used in five ways – used as a rubbing or poultice, a decoction, an alcoholic tincture, a massage or eaten fresh. Rubbing is the common application used for plants such as; (1) slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) leaf is applied for removing pain, reducing swelling and pain of insect bites, (2) crushed hophead Philippine violet (Barleria lupulina) and phaya yo (Clinacanthus nutans) are applied for herpes (ngu-swat), (3) immature dry black fruit of sugar apple (Annona squamosa) called mummy is scrubbed and externally applied on suppurated skin as an effective suppurant. Examples of the fresh ingestion or similar methods are – (1) crushed fresh Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata) leaf with alum is chewed and applied on the wound as an antidote for snake bite, (2) veld grape (Cissus quadrangularis) vine with ripe tamarind pulp is eaten for curing hemorrhoids, (3) root and vine of khruea sai tan (Aganosma marginata) is eaten to get rid of schizophrenia. An example of a decoction is khi non (Uraria crinita) which is an effective remedy for severe colon cancer. An example of massage is the mixture of Indian sarsaparilla or thao en on (Cryptolepis buchanani), derris (Derris scandens), Thai ginger (Zingiber montanum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa) are applied to paralysis. Alcoholic tincture of krachai dam (Boesenbergia rotunda) roots is used as sex-stimulant.
Plai, Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., which is synonymous with Zingiber purpureum Roscoe, has long been regarded by Thai massage therapists as one of those oils necessary to have in their kit to combat joint and muscle problems. Plai is of the same family as ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) but has different properties and more intense actions.
Native to Thailand, Indonesia and India, the pale amber oil is steam distilled from the fresh rhizome. It has a cool, green peppery aroma (not unlike Tea Tree) with a touch of bite. The main active chemical constituents of the oil are sabinene (27-34%), g-terpinene (6-8%), a-terpinene (4-5%), terpinen-4-ol (30-35%), and (E)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)butadiene (DMPBD) (12-19%).
Considered analgesic, anti-neuralgic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, anti-viral, carminative, digestive, diuretic, febrifugal, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant, tonic and vermifuge, it has been used for aches and pains, asthma, catarrh, chronic colds, colic, constipation, diarrhoea, fevers, flatulence, heartburn, immune problems, inflammation, influenza, joint problems, muscle spasms, nausea, respiratory problems, sprains and strains, torn muscles and ligaments.
Please note: good lots of this oil often exhibits incompatabilty with some carrier oils such as FCO (MCT). You can either filter the cloudiness if it occurs in your blend, or you may try another carrier oil in your formulation. We have many reports of excellent compatabilty with hemp seed oil and grape seed oil carriers